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Everything about flour


French baking is known for its delicate and complex flavors, and a big part of that is the different types of flour that are used. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at some of the most commonly used flours in French baking and the unique characteristics that make them ideal for specific types of baked goods.


First, let's start with all-purpose flour. This is the most widely used flour in French baking and can be found in almost every French kitchen. It is a blend of different types of wheat and has a moderate protein content, typically around 10-12%. This makes it versatile and perfect for a wide range of baked goods, including bread, pastries, and cakes.


Next, we have bread flour. As the name suggests, bread flour is primarily used for making bread. It has a higher protein content, typically around 12-14%, which gives bread a chewier texture and a better rise. This flour is also often used in combination with all-purpose flour to give bread a more complex flavor.


Another commonly used flour in French baking is pastry flour. This flour has a lower protein content, typically around 8-10%, which makes it ideal for making delicate pastries and cakes. The lower protein content gives pastry flour a softer texture, making it perfect for creating flaky and tender pastries.


For a more rustic bread, French bakers often use whole wheat flour. Whole wheat flour is made from the entire wheat kernel, including the bran, germ, and endosperm. This gives it a nuttier flavor and a coarser texture than all-purpose flour. Whole wheat flour is often used in combination with other flours to add flavor and texture to bread.


Another popular flour used in French baking is rice flour. Rice flour is a gluten-free flour made from ground rice. It is often used in combination with other flours in gluten-free baking. Rice flour is also used to make macarons, giving them a light and delicate texture.


Finally, French bakers often use almond flour, which is made from ground almonds. It is a gluten-free flour and can be used to make macarons, pastries, and cakes. Almond flour gives baked goods a rich and nutty flavor and adds a moist texture.


In conclusion, French baking is known for its delicate and complex flavors, and a big part of that is the different types of flour that are used. From all-purpose flour to pastry flour, bread flour, whole wheat flour, rice flour and almond flour, each flour has its own unique characteristics that make it ideal for specific types of baked goods. Understanding these different flours and their uses will help you create delicious and authentic French baked goods at home.


Snapshot


All-Purpose Flour

  • All-purpose flour is the most widely used flour in French baking and can be found in almost every French kitchen.

  • It is a blend of different types of wheat and has a moderate protein content, typically around 10-12%.

  • This makes it versatile and perfect for a wide range of baked goods, including bread, pastries, and cakes.

Bread Flour

  • Bread flour is primarily used for making bread.

  • It has a higher protein content, typically around 12-14%, which gives bread a chewier texture and a better rise.

  • This flour is also often used in combination with all-purpose flour to give bread a more complex flavor.

Pastry Flour

  • Pastry flour has a lower protein content, typically around 8-10%, which makes it ideal for making delicate pastries and cakes.

  • The lower protein content gives pastry flour a softer texture, making it perfect for creating flaky and tender pastries.

Whole Wheat Flour

  • Whole wheat flour is used for a more rustic bread.

  • It is made from the entire wheat kernel, including the bran, germ, and endosperm.

  • This gives it a nuttier flavor and a coarser texture than all-purpose flour. Whole wheat flour is often used in combination with other flours to add flavor and texture to bread.

Rice Flour

  • Rice flour is a gluten-free flour made from ground rice.

  • It is often used in combination with other flours in gluten-free baking.

  • Rice flour is also used to make macarons, giving them a light and delicate texture.

Almond Flour

  • Almond flour is made from ground almonds.

  • It is a gluten-free flour and can be used to make macarons, pastries, and cakes.

  • Almond flour gives baked goods a rich and nutty flavor and adds a moist texture.

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