Viennoiserie is a category of baked goods that originated in Vienna, Austria in the 19th century. These pastries are made using a dough similar to that of croissants, but they can also be made with puff pastry or brioche dough. Viennoiserie includes a range of pastries such as croissants, pain au chocolat, and Danish pastries.
The history of Viennoiserie can be traced back to the early 19th century, when Austria was ruled by the Habsburg monarchy. At the time, the city of Vienna was a hub of cultural and culinary innovation, and the Viennese cafe culture was in full swing. It was in this context that the croissant, one of the most well-known Viennoiserie pastries, was created.
According to legend, the croissant was invented in Vienna in the early 1800s as a way to celebrate the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Siege of Vienna in 1683. The croissant is said to be shaped like a crescent, the symbol of the Ottoman Empire, to symbolize the victory of the Austrians. However, there is also evidence to suggest that the croissant was actually inspired by a similar pastry called a kipferl, which had been popular in Austria for centuries.
Regardless of its origins, the croissant quickly became a popular pastry in Vienna and beyond. In the late 19th century, the croissant made its way to France, where it became a staple of French pastry shops and cafes. Today, the croissant is enjoyed around the world as a breakfast pastry or a snack.
In addition to croissants, Viennoiserie includes a range of other pastries such as pain au chocolat (chocolate croissants), Danish pastries, and brioche. These pastries are all made using similar techniques and ingredients, and they are often enjoyed as a sweet breakfast or dessert.
Viennoiserie has a long and rich history, and it continues to be a beloved part of European and global pastry culture. Whether you prefer croissants, pain au chocolat, or Danish pastries, these delicious treats are sure to satisfy your sweet tooth.